Forensics vs Forensic Science

If you bring up forensics in a conversation, those involved will often start thinking of scenes from the television show CSI (Crime Scene Investigation). It’s synonymous with scouring crime scenes for minute clues to help criminal investigators create leads in various cases.

Because of the misunderstanding that’s developed about criminal investigations and forensics, many don’t realize that there is an acute difference between forensics and forensic science.

Currently, forensic science gets shortened in most discussions to “forensics.” The word “forensic” actually relates to debates, and comes from the Latin word “forensis” or “of or before the forum.” This concept became most prominent in ancient Rome where both the accused and the accuser involved in a judicial case had to advance their arguments in front of a public forum. This led to the usage of the term “forensics” for both public debate and the presentation of legal evidence.

This concept of “evidence” is what has caused it to run parallel and merge with forensic science. As the judicial system evolved, so, too, did the evidence that was required in cases. No longer was it a matter of verbal debate; instead other forms of evidence were necessary. The concept, that being “forensic” or “before the forum” still holds true. The only thing that has changed is the type of evidence that’s being presented.

While some modern dictionaries will actually merge the two and provide similar or identical definitions, they are quite separate by origin and practical application.

The term forensics refers to public debate which includes the presentation of evidence and rhetoric. Forensic Science is something different. It deals specifically with the gathering, identification, research, and scientific interpretation of evidence to determine such things as who was involved in a crime.

In addition to confusing the terms forensics and forensic science, people often mistake forensic science for criminalistics. However, it’s important to keep these terms in context too. Forensic science involves any discipline that can be applied to evidence. Criminalistics is just one of the subdivisions of forensic science.

Some of the disciplines that fall under the umbrella of “forensic science” are:

-Computer Forensics -Forensic Accounting -Forensic Audio Engineering -Forensic Linguistics -Forensic Pathology -Forensic Psychology -Forensic Engineering -Criminalistics

Criminalistics itself is the scientific discipline which brings together various natural sciences such as biology and chemistry to the examination, identification, and comparison of certain types of evidence. Criminalists deal with biological evidence including DNA and bodily fluids, trace evidence such as fibers, hair, and soil, and impression evidence such as fingerprints and tire tracks. They also are involved with ballistics, drug analysis, crime scene photography and reconstruction.

As you can see, the forensic sciences deal specifically with the research and examination of evidence so that such evidence can be admitted to and used within the legal system. Forensics on the other hand should be viewed not as the science behind the evidence, but as the presentation and use of the research once it’s completed.

Really Fun Science Experiment Kits For Children!

Today lab science has been removed from many elementary school curriculum due to modern teaching programs and cuts in school budgets. In addition, due to economy failing schools are having difficult times which have caused them to cut out the expensive costs of science laboratory equipment and school science lab supplies needed by a science class. However there are various options for the teachers in order to battle these conditions in the uncertain times of today’s world. The science experiment kits can be used by the science teachers to motive children interest and knowledge. With these incredible science experiment kits we will be able to help our children to create a positive attitude towards science.

There are various science laboratory equipment or science experiment kits are available in the present market, where you can do these experiments with your children. Similarly various other daily activities like how the milk curdles when you add vinegar and many more experiments can be done. With these experiments your children will definitely get through knowledge about science. However no two children are having the same interest on these science projects. Therefore depending upon the interest of your children there are so many incredible science experiment kits are available. Children will love five different things about the school science lab supplies.

1. First, they never have to wait for rain as they can see what causes a rainbow. With science experiment kit they can learn how a rainbow is caused by an interaction between water molecules in the air and rays of light from the sun.
2. Second they will love to see something change, grow and become more beautiful as the days pass. The science experiment kit helps them to see that everything on Earth takes time to happen.
3. Using gem formation science experiment kit children can watch how a gemstone is actually formed underground. They will love watching a gemstone form right before their eyes.
4. As each science laboratory equipment is safe and non-toxic so the children will love being able to participate in science experiments without having to wear protective equipment.
5. Finally children will love being able to do something different. By changing the format of teaching from strictly books to wonderful science experiments, a child’s eyes will be opened to the wonderful and limitless world of molecules and minerals.

As we are facing certain uncertain times, it is hard to predict whether we will be able to stop making cuts to school programs and their benefits. Using the science experiment kits, children will be kept interested and focused in the classroom.

Save The Planet! Environmental Science Fair Project

Environmental Science Fair Project

There are increasing numbers of students who are choosing an environmental science fair project for their school assignments. Hardly a day goes by that there is not some sort of news event on the television regarding the problems we are facing with the environment. These students are choosing an environmental science fair project for school because they are interested in studying this area of science. Many of these students are very devoted to finding solutions to the current environmental crises. They have the long term vision that many adults lack by realizing that what we do now will affect the planet in a positive or negative way for years, decades, and/or centuries to come. They are taking this devotion to the cause and choosing an environmental science fair project as their topic of study.

An environmental science fair project can be presented on a wide variety of specific topics. Issues surrounding soil use and preservation are some of the most popular. These issues deal with loss of topsoil, which is where all the plant life is grown. This type of environmental science project can also examine the effects of runoff on the waterways of the world. The silting of rivers is a major concern due to the detrimental effects to plants and animals that rely on oxygenated water for survival. An environmental science fair project may also cover the issues surrounding the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the soil and surrounding wildlife. Students who demonstrate aptitude in these areas will likely continue their passion into their careers as agricultural scientists.

Other students who choose an environmental science fair project could focus on the latest increases in greenhouse gases around the Earth. While the task may sound too monumental for an environmental science fair project, there are ways to scale down the project. These projects are scientifically accurate and if properly implemented and documented can lead to the answers we are in need of to address this issue. Likewise, the study of animals such as frogs can lead to knowledge that can be applied on a larger scale. Frogs are the litmus paper for the health of water, and students can gather information in their local areas to determine the health of ponds and streams.

Can You Use First Person In An Abstract For Science Fair Projects

One of the requirements of entering a science fair is to complete a science fair project report. To be graded or scored well, the student needs to use the correct format, voice, tone and style, and they will need to include the right elements. Fortunately, all of these things are easy to accomplish once you know what is expected of you.

Writing Style

The first question that many students have that relate to writing a science fair project report is if it is okay to write in the first person. Students cannot write in the first person when writing a science fair project report. The entire report needs to be written in third person. This can be tricky as students are discussing what they did and what they discovered.

In addition to writing the report in third person, students will also want to avoid creative tones in their writing. While students are encouraged to use similes, metaphors and other creative expressions in English class, these are generally not appropriate in science writing. Students want to keep things as simple and straight forward as possible. The key is to explain the situation with as few words as possible.

Clarity

Clarity is one of the characteristics that judges will be looking for when scoring your science fair project. They are going to evaluate how easy your report was to understand, how logical it progressed from data to conclusions and how organized the overall report was. The design of your display board and you presentation will also be judged for clarity.

Formatting Your Report

Formatting is very important when you start science writing. To start with you will want to select a 12 point font that is easy to read, like Times New Roman or Courier. Next you will want to double space your report and create a one inch all around margin. Finally, you will want to add a header that includes your project title and a page number.

The format of your science fair project report will also need to follow a common layout. Most reports will have the following sections in this order: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) introduction, (4) background research, (5) methodology (experiment), (6) data and data analysis, (7) discussion and conclusions and (8) bibliography. Each of these sections will be broken down into sub-sections. For example, the methodology section will include subheadings of supplies and experiment design while the introduction will contain information about the hypothesis, the reason for selecting the topic that was selected and definitions of terms used in the report.

Parapsychology Schools Teach Parapsychic Sciences

Those who are fascinated by the parapsychic sciences should look into parapsychology schools. The word parapsychology is derived from the Latin word “para” (which means beyond) and psychology; it literally means “beyond psychology.” Schools for parapsychology offer instruction in the areas of clairvoyance, psychokinesis, hypnosis, extra sensory perception (ESP), telepathy, and more.

Parapsychology schools allow students to explore a scientific domain that cannot be explained by known laws of physics or biology. A number of schools offer degrees in psychology, anthropology, or other fields allowing for a concentration on parapsychology, often under the guidance of a practicing parapsychologist. There are various levels of education in parapsychology, and students can earn various credentials from parapsychic science schools, such as the Parapsychology Certificate, Diploma of Parapsychology, Bachelor degree in Holistic Studies, or a Bachelor of Science in Parapsychological Studies, just to name a few.

The typical college-level curriculum found in parapsychology schools might include classes such as ethical and legal issues in holistic care, regression therapy, angels, astrology, spiritual development, sound therapy, near death experiences, chakra therapy, spiritual healing, divination, theology, astral projection, vibrational healing, psychic healing, channeling, and even business management! In short, parapsychology courses are diverse and designed to prepare graduates for a lifetime occupation in the parapsychic and paranormal fields.

If the idea of Parapsychology Schools sounds like a path you might be interested in pursuing, take a moment to submit a request to schools found on our website. You could soon be enjoying a whole new career!

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on SchoolsGalore.com.

Copyright 2007 – All rights reserved by Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

Author Resource Box: Michael Bustamante is a staff writer for Media Positive Communications, Inc. Find Parapsychology Schools, Colleges, Universities, Vocational Schools and other Online Schools at SchoolsGalore.com, your resource for higher education.

Subliminal Technology – Subliminal Tools You Can Use To Achieve Power Profit And Success

The mind is one of the most mysterious areas of the human body. Many people have spent lives trying to figure out how the mind works, and thats not an easy feat considering that the mind works on several different levels. In each level, the mind uses a particular frequency to communicate.

But the study of the workings of the mind is one that promises much potential. The mind is so powerful, so if you can fully understand how it operates, that means you hold its power in your hands.

And it is so powerful that mind control is actually often connected to the full achievement of power and success in ones life. This is what the universal law of attraction revolves around, and it has gotten much attention lately, with so many books and documentaries about it.

So if you want to get in on the power of the mind, you have to know what tools you can use. There are now a lot of subliminal technology going around that help us gain more control over this powerful controlling organ in the body. Subliminal technology can help us initiate actions and thoughts by sending messages straight to the subconscious, a powerful level of the mind where information get stored.

Even therapists use subliminal programming technology as tools. It can be used to bring about healing, influence, or action.

Here are some examples of the best subliminals you can use:

Subliminal audio. One of the most commonly used subliminal technology is audio. This is available in the form of subliminal mp3 or CDs. This type of technology uses sounds that are produced in a wave frequency similar to that used by the brain.

Subliminal visualization. In visualization, subliminal images are used. These images are designed to form a specific thought pattern once they are absorbed by the brain. So these are made to achieve specific personal development goals. Some subliminal images are designed for weight loss, some for self confidence, and so on.

Both audio and visualization techniques have one goal: to instill positive and constructive messages in the brain. Some examples of positive messages include:

I believe in myself.
I overcome challenges with ease.
I see myself successful and fulfilled.
I love my work.
I perform challenging tasks with clarity and focus.
I can make it happen.

The effects and responses to different messages differ drastically from one message to another and from one person to another. So you need to be able to find the right messages to use that will ignite the right response in you.

If you are interested in using subliminal technology for certain goals and personal development acts, you should do your research first to determine which tool works best for you. You may also ask your therapist for advice. There are many kinds of subliminals, namely improving memory subliminals, masculinity subliminals, Christian subliminals, feminization subliminals, and so on.

Career Changers Getting A Bachelor’s Of Science In Nursing Can Be Done Quickly

According to a New York Times article, nursing is one of the top five professions for those who want to change careers.

And why not? For one thing, nursing is a career with high demand. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing reports that there is currently a significant shortage of nursing staff and this situation is expected to continue for the next two decades. This, despite the unstable economy which has caused massive layoffs in other industries.

Registered nurses are also paid well, and they have a variety of specific areas to choose from — whether in a hospital, clinic, nursing school, and others. This sounds better than many boring desk jobs. The good news, if you already have a bachelor’s degree in an unrelated field, is that there are now many programs which offer an accelerated second bachelor’s degree option.

These programs can be completed in as little as one year, with a semester in the summer, spring, fall, and following summer. Some programs are 18 months long. Yes, that is a very intense program, and you will have to put everything else aside for that year. No work, and a very understanding family, are a requirement for success in a program like that.

You know however that by the end of those long 12 or 18 months, your efforts will be rewarded because by then you will have earned your Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree. This career will provide opportunities for you to work in hospitals, clinics, doctors’ offices, schools and even research facilities.

Nowadays it isn’t uncommon for an individual to obtain a second bachelor’s degree through accelerated programs. Statistics reported in a May 2007 article on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing website show that these types of courses can already be taken in 43 states, in the District of Columbia and Guam, and what’s more, 37 more similar programs (at that time) are being readied The article also stated that from 2,422 in 2004, in 2006 there were already 8,493 students enrolled in these programs across the country. The more than 300{9f36af22880a9321975b786c158ed5857ccebcf076e7d8e0e66c9e957c871baf} jump in the enrollment is a clear indication of the demand for registered nurses nationwide.

The web article also goes on to differentiate the second bachelor’s degree students from those first time students. The career changers were found to be more focused and motivated on their goals. If you have these traits and are considering nursing as a second career, contact your State Board of Nursing to find the accredited programs in your area.

The Many Uses Of Thermal Night Vision Technology

Thermal night vision makes use of temperature to spot a person, animal, or object. This tool detects heat and produces images that reflect the placement of that heat. Most often incorporated into night vision goggles, the technology is used by law enforcement officers and hunters. Though less common, thermal night vision is also being incorporated into video cameras for better night shots. Another place one might find thermal imaging is in detecting mold or poor insulation.

Thermal imaging, especially in the use of night vision goggles, allows a person to see another being without being seen. Unlike older versions of the technology or using flashlights, the light is not visible to the other party. Current gear is also much lighter than previous models.

Law enforcement officers might use thermal night vision to tail a fugitive or investigate the scene of an accident. Often the technology is attached to law enforcement vehicles. This equipment shows heat images from a distance, so long before a vehicle is apprehended; an officer can see the make and model of a car. Military personnel and firefighters also use the technology for their duties.

Thermal night vision is used for security cameras. Security cameras with thermal imaging technology can detect activity in any area, even if it is not well lit. Many security systems come with a simple, wireless set-up and are low cost.

Photographers and videographers also make use of thermal night vision. Photographers use it to take digital SLR images under low light or even during the darkest time of night. Movie directors also use this technology to film night scenes.

Thermal night vision is useful for construction workers and home inspectors. Since thermal night vision products detect heat they can also spot places where there is not enough heat. That helps a person see if the insulation in a building has worn down or is missing. It can also detect radiation leaks.

The same technology aids workers in detecting the potential for moisture and mold problems. If there is a vast difference between the temperature inside and the temperature outside, it can create moisture problems. Inspectors can use thermal imaging to compare the temperatures inside and outside a home, spotting and potentially preventing mold and mildew problems.

Uses for thermal night vision abound. Some common uses are law enforcement, mold detection, photography, and security. It is also used in hunting, particularly in the use of thermal night vision goggles. The technology works by detecting heat and projecting images from the data. In law enforcement, it can be used to catch suspected criminals.

Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

How to Write a Master’s Thesis in Computer Science

The Master’s Thesis in Computer Science is considered as practice for the PhD thesis. MSC research thesis is too hard to embark on without research. The vital requirement of a Master’s Thesis is that it factually reveals the mastery: that you have fully understood the state of the art in your MSC research thesis and that you are competent of working at that level. This is principally significant when the function to be achieved by the structure is too complex to be explained in code, or maybe the condition-action mappings are unidentified in Masters Thesis.

Writing a Master Thesis is an important task. Though in some ways, Master’s Thesis appears comparable to many other structures of academic writing like research paper, dissertation and essay.

The MSC thesis offers the challenge to demonstrate your ability to set up and to carry out a scientific research project in a self-responsible and independent manner. MSC research thesis includes:

* To provide a sufficient explanation and meaning of your research topic,

* To build a sound hypothetical structure for direction of the research,

* To collect data in a systematic and confirmable way,

* To analyze the data significantly and suitably,

* To present the results in an understandable manner,

* To draw sound conclusions based on a thorough discussion of the outcomes, and

* To show the prospective involvement of your research to the procedure of theoretical modernization of the topi

Emblematic questions that need to be answered during a Master Thesis:

* What problem are you solving?

* Why is this problem imperative?

* Who else is working on this dilemma, on allied research?

* What process have you used to solve this problem?

* Why did you select this process/technique? Is this method superior to other methods?

* What was the most complicated part of your work?

* What are the lingering troubles?

We know this all sounds understandable, but every year there are students who get so marsh down in methodological aspect that by the time they are prepared to defend, they cannot persuasively answer these questions. So, you are preparing to write ain a tentative area of Computer Science. Unless you have written many formal documents prior to, you are in for a revelation; it’s complicated.

Good writing is necessary in a MSC research thesis. However, good writing cannot recompense for a rareness of ideas or impressions. Quite the differing, a clear appearance always exposes flaws.

If you simply follow the implications outlined and discussed in this paper, you will be well on your way to fruitfully carrying out the Master Thesis requirements for achievement of a Master’s Degree in Computer Science at any Institute of Technology.